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Acrocorinth

The ancient city of Corinth is located just 3.5 km from Acrocorinth.  The area is dominated by a hill with a view of land and sea. From antiquity to the nineteenth century, it was a lookout point and strongly fortified. In the event of an invasion, it was a shelter for the inhabitants of the surrounding areas. It was here that the temple of Aphrodite was located, today only the foundations remain. Surely everyone has heard about "Daughters of Corinthians". They were priestesses of the goddess. They were also rich and influential. The poor could not afford to come here. The Haters services were very expensive. Rich people and priests came here.

 

 

History of Acrocornth

The oldest walls come from the turn of the seventh and sixth centuries BC, but were expanded and strengthened in the fourth century BC.

In 337 B.C.E. after the Macedonian war with Athens, a congress took place here, as a result of which a treaty called the Corinth Union was established. Aratos, a Greek politician, liberated from the Macedonian occupation in 243 B.C.E. by surprise and under cover of night.

In 146 BC all Corinth was conquered by the Romans, who in retaliation for the heroic struggle of the inhabitants razed the city to the ground. They did not spare people, murdered them and enslaved them without inhibitions.

In 44 B.C.E. Julius Caesar ordered the rebuilding of walls from building materials in the former city of Corinth.

Around 50 A.D. Saint Paul of Tarsus came here. The visits ended with the writing of the first and second letters to the Corinthians. Both are in the New Testament. One of the main topics was sexual promiscuity. The Romans created a colony capital here with a cosmopolitan entertainment center. Horatius wrote about this place: "... not everyone is able to go to Corinth ..."

In the sixth century AD the Christian era begins.

 

 

Visiting Accorinth

A small section of the road, just 3.5 km, separates ancient Corinth from the Acropolis. It is worth coming here. I recommend drinking a large amount of drink, because contrary to appearances, the passage of the entire archaeological site takes a long time. You can visit completely for free, at least it was until the 2018 season. However, there is no certainty about the opening hours. As I found out, each year can be different depending on the number of people supervising the archaeological excavations. Nevertheless, arriving here between 9:00 and 15:00, there will be no problem with sightseeing.

The name of the mountain is 575 m above sea level is not accidental. Acro means the acropolis or hill and Corinth, which are the name of the city, or in ancient times Polis, which is the city - state.

From the 7th century BC, i.e. from the very beginning, the village was a fortress. Already then the first fortifications were created, which in subsequent centuries were strengthened and expanded. The strength and significance of this place is evidenced by the fact that Acrocorynth was connected to the city and port of Lechaio by long walls.

Arriving at the parking lot and following the marked roads, you can see that the walls have survived the best. Their total length reaches up to 5 km. Reinforced with towers and bastions, they are arranged in three rows. Their construction resembles the Old Town of Rhodes, where the Order of St. John.

A paved road leads to the monument, crossed by three gates. The only closed building, i.e. with four walls and a cover, is a small, one-nave church of St. Dmitri. Buildings, or rather their ruins, are an overview of different eras. From the famous temple of Aphrodite, dated to the fifth and fourth centuries BC, the outline of foundations remained. She is known for temple prostitution, in which being a priestess meant honor, prosperity and power. Today they are referred to as Daughters of Corinth. There is a source of Peireni, which supplies the fountain in ancient Corinth. Apparently, the source has not dried up even in the hottest periods of the summer.  Constant access to water was very important, especially during the siege. On the mountainside are the remains of Agora. Today, old sanctuaries, theaters, shops and even sidewalks are not much. Actually, only the outlines of buildings, slightly protruding above the ground level.

From the Turkish period, the mosque behaved quite well, but today without a minaret. The Venetians left the three-nave temple, the ruins of which are located on the territory of the said Agora.

Visiting Corinth:

 

opening hours:

winter               8:30 ÷ 15:30

summer            8:00 ÷ 20:00

 

ticket price:

8,- normal / 4,- reduced

includes ancient Corinth, Acrocorinth and the Archaeological Museum of Corinth

 

coordinates for navigation:

 

parking in front of the excavations of ancient Corinth:

37.905950, 22.878096

 

parking lot in front of the entrance to Acrocorynt:

37.889672, 22.868200

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