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Visiting Asklepieion in Kos

 

Due to the terrain, the Asklepieion was located on three terraces, connected by monumental stairs, directly resting on the ground.

Visiting Asklepieion in Kos

 

Due to the terrain, the Asklepieion was located on three terraces, connected by monumental stairs, directly resting on the ground.

 

Level one of the Asclepieion in Kos

24 very wide steps led to the first, huge terrace measuring 80 x 100 meters. This level was a propylon from the 3rd century BCE, surrounded on three sides by a stoa from the 2nd century BCE, i.e. a long structure along which on one side there were rooms, probably residential for patients, and on the other side, a roof supported by a series of columns. A gate led to the terrace, from which a few stones remain today. However, the foundations confirm the existence of all this enormous structure.

 

To the left of the entrance, the ruins of the Roman baths from the 1st century AD have been preserved. Two underground chambers were found here. It is considered that people with venereal diseases and leprosy were isolated in this way. By the way, it must have been terrible, it looks like these people were buried alive. Their shallow depth is deceptive as the level of the ground has risen by several meters over the past twenty years.

 

In front of the entrance, of course, apart from the stairs leading to the second level, the dominant structure is a stone retaining wall with niches where statues of gods once stood. Two are still standing against the wall to show what it looked like.

 

This level also housed a medical, anatomical and pathological school.

Level one of the Asclepieion in Kos

24 very wide steps led to the first, huge terrace measuring 80 x 100 meters. This level was a propylon from the 3rd century BCE, surrounded on three sides by a stoa from the 2nd century BCE, i.e. a long structure along which on one side there were rooms, probably residential for patients, and on the other side, a roof supported by a series of columns. A gate led to the terrace, from which a few stones remain today. However, the foundations confirm the existence of all this enormous structure.

 

To the left of the entrance, the ruins of the Roman baths from the 1st century AD have been preserved. Two underground chambers were found here. It is considered that people with venereal diseases and leprosy were isolated in this way. By the way, it must have been terrible, it looks like these people were buried alive. Their shallow depth is deceptive as the level of the ground has risen by several meters over the past twenty years.

 

In front of the entrance, of course, apart from the stairs leading to the second level, the dominant structure is a stone retaining wall with niches where statues of gods once stood. Two are still standing against the wall to show what it looked like.

 

This level also housed a medical, anatomical and pathological school.

How the Asclepieion on Kos was founded,

that is, chronologically arranged construction phases

 

Asclepieon was discovered in 1901 ÷ 1905 by a German archaeologist, R. Herzog. The Italian archaeological organization carried out further research here in the years 1930–1942. All studies and possible restoration are the result of their work.

 

Archaeological research shows that already in the years 1550-1050 BCE, i.e. in the Mycenaean period, and further until the 8th century BCE, which corresponds to the period of the so-called geometric, this place was dedicated to Apollo, the mythical father of Asclepius. The remains of the altar have been found here. It is believed that there was also a temple dedicated to him, but no remains of it have been identified.

 

On the other hand, the confirmed remains date back to the 5th century BC. and this time is considered the so-called the first phase of construction.

 

The second phase is from 350 B.C.E. until 330 B.C.E. Then an altar was built, exactly in place of the previous one, but dedicated to Asclepius. Moreover, the cult of this god was established on the island. It is time after the death of Hippocrates, and so the fame of this medic grew greatly on the island and beyond.

 

The third phase of the expansion of Asklekiejon is the literal flowering of the place. A whole complex of buildings was built on three consecutive levels. The terrace layout was forced by a natural hill. The key year for Asclepieon was the year 242 BCE, when a holiday in honor of the ancient Greek god was introduced, during which mainly music competitions and athletics competitions were held.

 

It was a center of worship for a very long time. In fact, only the earthquakes in 469 CE and 554 CE caused the fall of the sanctuary. Meanwhile, around the 5th century C.E., the Christian period began on the island. In the Middle Ages, a church and a monastery were built here.

Asklepieion in Kos

Asklepieion in Kos is not the only monument of this kind. There are about 300 similar objects throughout Greece. The most famous is Epidaurus, and the most visited - located on the slope of the Acropolis, it is in Athens.

 

And yet, for the small island of Kos, it is the largest and most important monument. This is due to two reasons. First, the island's protector is Asclepion, the god and patron of the medical arts. Hence the name of the place. Second, in Kos in 460 B.C.E. Hippocrates was born, who was interested in healing from an early age. His methods were revolutionary for those times and… extremely effective.

 

Asklepieion was built after the death of the famous medic, surrounded by forests, away from the hustle and bustle of the city and all buildings. Initially, it was supposed to be a place of rest and rehabilitation after an illness. Later, a hospital and a health resort were built here, and even a school and a medical clinic.

 

All buildings are spread over a large area. The upland landscape forced the development of the area on three terraces, connected by wide stairs. Today, after all the earthquakes, not much is left. And yet, crowds of tourists come here every day.

 

You can't be in Kos without visiting it, it's like visiting Athens without the Acropolis.

Stadion Panatenajski w Atenach

Jak nazwa wskazuje, jest miejscem ciekawym przyrodniczo. Stąd bowiem wypływają źródła, które zaopatrują wyspę w wodę słodką, a więc źródlaną. Miejsce jest bardzo urokliwe i przyjemne latem, bowiem liczna tu zieleń nadaje przyjemny klimat i zieloną, bardzo naturalną kolorystykę miejsca. Miejsce nie do końca jest dziełem natury. Włoscy inżynierowie zbudowali tunel transportujący wodę z naturalnego źródła.

więcej na stronie  dolina siedmiu źródeł 

Dolina siedmiu źródeł

Stadion Panatenajski w Atenach

Who was Hippocrates

Overall and briefly, it can be said that he was a precursor of modern medicine, he gained the nickname "the father of medicine". Considering the fact that he was born in Kos in 460 B.C.E., it shows how eager to learn and how great a radical he was.

 

He was eagerly learning as a child, from his father Heraclides, and as a young man he studied in Egypt, Thessaly and Athens. It was he who stated that hygiene and diet, and therefore a healthy lifestyle, have a decisive influence on our life and health.

 

He refuted the popular belief that epilepsy is possession. He introduced a lot of terms that are still used today, such as diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, epidemic ... There are also reports that during the Peloponnesian War (Athens vs. plague. It was caused by Pericles, who paradoxically caused the death of a huge number of people, including the politician himself, by erecting walls that were to give safety to the Athenians.

 

Hippocrates died in Thessaly in 380 BC, at the age of 80.

who was Asclepius

Asclepius was the son of the god Apollo and the mortal Koronis, who died at his birth. His childhood was not easy, as his father abandoned him, probably blaming his beloved woman with death. The animals raised him; goat and dog. Later, the centaur (half man, half horse), Chiron, became interested in him. When he was a young man, his father took him to his home. Since then, he has lived in a beautiful palace, amidst all comforts.

 

An event changed his life. While walking, he saw a snake crawling. Of course, without thinking too much, he trampled him down. Literally at the same moment another appeared who gave the dead weed and he came to life. Ever since that event, he had been very interested in healing.

 

Its attribute is a staff and a snake wrapped around it. It is from him that today's symbol of medicine is taken. The photo shows a figure of the god Asclepius from the 2nd century CE, located in the Archaeological Museum in the capital of the island of Kos.