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The history of the construction of the Corinth Canal

The oldest mention of the channel dates back to the 6th century BC. At that time Periander, a tyrant from Corinth, a ruler with unlimited power, often illegally acquired strength, i.e. one of the seven ancient sages of Greece, decided to connect the Aegean Sea with the Ionian Sea, which creates the possibility of safe passage ships. The task then exceeded the possibilities. Therefore, the builders limited themselves to "diolkos", a cobbled ramp on which ships were hauled to platforms. At the west mouth of the channel to the Corinthian bay you can see the remains of ancient enterprises. For centuries, attempts have been made to dig the channel from time to time. For example, in 68 C.E. Nero, a Roman ruler, sent six thousand slaves here, most of whom were Jewish prisoners taken from the Roman colony in Judea to dig in the rock. In the same year the ruler died. Galby's successor did not continue construction, claiming that it was too expensive an undertaking.


The works were returned many times, but it was only after 1881 that the French, after the success of the Suez Canal, completed the project to build the Corinth Canal. By the way, it was established that the course set out in the times of Emperor Nero was made with great accuracy and with minor corrections, the work was based on it. Again, the task was not completed because the company collapsed. It would seem that some bad fate weighs on Corinth. However, this task was finally completed in 1893. Thanks to the Greek builder. The canal was dug up by a company owned by Andreas Sygros; politician, banker and industrialist.


The construction of the Corinth Canal took a total of 25 centuries. There is a reason, after each unsuccessful attempt, after a few years the work was repeated. The channel not only separated the Peloponnese from central Greece, making it an island, saving 200 km of travel.


Today it is too narrow for large modern ships to sail this way. While there are naval units and port services, so-called cabotage boats, i.e. small vessels moving within one country. The channel is very popular in both individual and mass tourism. He is also admired from above, i.e. from bridges. Located on the road to Corinth one way or to Athens the other way.



Technical data of the Corinth canal:

slightly over 6 km long,

• width 24.6 m at sea level and 21 m at the bottom,

• the walls are not vertical, their slope is 71 ° - 77 °, depending on the place,

• channel depth measured from the water table to the very top - 79 m

• water depth - 8m