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other important monuments in and around Athens
you'll find in the tiles below
The sculpture was found cut in pieces in the wreck of a ship off the coast of the island of Eubea in the 1920s. The discovered parts were combined into one in 1971. Unfortunately, several parts are missing; e.g. the reins that the boy held with his left hand while riding, the whip missing in his right hand, was covering the animal. After all, the exhibit is very valuable, even because of its dynamics. The furrows on the boy's forehead testify to his enormous effort. The creation of the monument dates back to around 140 B.C.E.
for a particular type of statue, characteristic of Greek art from the period 640 ÷ 630 B.C.E. He always portrays a naked young man with loose, wavy hair and hands loosely lowered along his body. The young man has a mysterious archaic smile.
The large statue (measuring 281 cm) presented at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens is from an unknown author, comes from around 590 ÷ 580 B.C.E. The left side of the figure was reconstructed in the statue; part of the face, arm and leg. The anatomy of a young man indicates the great influence of Egyptian art during the creation of Kouros.
Agamemnon's mask, which was found by Heinrich Schliemann, in one of the graves in Mycenae. The archaeologist found that the discovered object was from the grave of the great warrior, Agamemnon. Made of golden metal, it depicts the face of a man with a beard and mustache. However, this hypothesis is widely questioned today. Its creation dates back to about 1500 BC, which means that it is older than the period of rule and the date of death of King Mycenae. Certainly, however, the richness of the mask and the grave in which it was found testifies to the royal purpose of the tomb.
From the mid-20th century, the origin of the exhibit has been studied and analyzed.
The only wall painting from Akrotiri (today known as Santoryn) that was found on island, covering three walls of the same room. Shows the landscape of rocky terrain before volcanic eruption. Red lilies with yellow stems dominate in red and graphite volcanic formations. Swallows flying lonely or in pairs symbolically announce the annual revival of nature.
The room had a shelf on the wall and a hole for communication with a smaller room.
of pentelic marble. The statue was the central acroterion on the western top of the temple dedicated to Asclepius. The sculpture depicts Nike during the flight, with a dress spread in the wind. In her right hand she holds a partridge, a symbol of the healing power of Asclepius.
It comes from around 380 B.C.E.
The mythological Athena was the most important god for the ancient inhabitants of Polis. Parthenon was devoted to her, a temple in which stood an eleven-meter statue of ivory and gold. She was the guardian of the city. It was her holiday - Big or Little Panathinaikos Games was the most solemn, for which everyone was preparing for many months before the celebration. They entrusted their worries and joys to her and prayed to her for winning the fight. No wonder Athena is known as the god of wisdom and warfare. To this day, in all Greece, we can admire the remains of temples and statues.
The museum has a statue of Athena from the Pentelic marble. The statue was found near the Warwakion school, which is why it was called "Athena of Warwakion". This statuette best depicting the original cult statue of Athena, which once stood in the Parthenon (by Pheidias), and which was about twelve times larger than a copy. The naked body parts were made of ivory, while the rest of the statue was golden. The existing copy is from the first half of the third century.
is the largest Greek museum. Its original job was to protect all archaeological finds in the immediate area. For when the archives began to be archived in the 19th century, it soon became clear that Athens was a special place. The place gradually became the main state archaeological museum and enriched with finds from all over Greece. Currently, there are over 20,000 exhibits from the beginning of prehistory to late antiquity.
The first National Archaeological Museum in Greece was established in 1829 at the Aigina orphanage. In subsequent years, archaeological collections were moved to various exhibition halls to 1858, when the international competition for the location and development of the architectural concept of the new museum was announced.
The construction of the current museum began in 1866 and was completed in 1889. It was financed by the Greek Government, the Greek Archaeological Society and Nikolaos Vernardakis, a wealthy emigrant from Russia.
At the beginning, the museum was called the Central Museum. The name was changed to the current one in 1881 by the Prime Minister of Greece Charilaos Trikupis. During World War II, the museum was closed. The exhibits were placed in sealed crates and buried or hidden in rock caves to avoid their destruction and looting. At the end of the war, the director of the museum Christos Karouzos undertook a new exhibiting the monuments, and architect P. Karantinos rebuilt the exhibition space.
The museum is a huge exhibition space; numerous galleries on each floor have a total of 8,000 m² of space, with over 20,000 exhibits. The oldest monuments date back to the sixth millennium BC. Daily enormous number of individual tourists or on organized trips come here.
Interesting exhibitions of the National Archaeological Museum in Athens include:
Bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon. Found in the sea, near the northern part of the island of Eubea. God, standing at a great pose, extends his left hand, while in the right he probably holds the lightning or the trident. Identifying who it is (Zeus or Poseidon) is controversial. Certainly, it is one of the few preserved original statues from the early classical period, since the uprising dates back to around 460 B.C. The statue is distinguished by an excellent rhythm of movement and anatomy. It is certainly the work of a great sculptor.
Nie wyobrażam sobie wyjazdu, w jakiekolwiek miejsce Grecji, bez towarzystwa greckiej muzyki. Przyznam, że nie rozumiem dlaczego w hotelach słychać największe światowe przeboje, a pomijane są szlagiery miejscowe. Jedynie będąc na Samos, może dzięki temu, że był to mały hotelik, zapoczątkowaliśmy puszczanie greckich przebojów. Gdy pytaliśmy animatorów czy barmanów dlaczego tak jest, usłyszeliśmy, że turystów interesują aktualne przeboje ze światowych list przebojów a nie ich, miejscowe. Wiadomo, hotelowi zależy by klient był zadowolony...
Dziś nie rozumiem dlaczego długo zwlekałam z wyjazdem na wyspę Rodos. Oprócz zalet opisanych na zakładce "Rodos", zachwycił mnie tam fakt, że wszędzie słyszałam greckie przeboje, także w hotelu, w którym mieszkałam. Czasem przechodząc obok sklepiku czy tawerny, podałam głośno który to wykonawca. Zachwyt Greka był ogromny. Gdy w dodatku odezwał się mój mąż który, ucząc się od trzech lat greckiego, zna język całkiem dobrze, byliśmy goszczeni na specjalnych warunkach. W sklepiku, w którym zakupiłam nową płytkę, Greczynka opowiadała, jak Grecja płakała w lutym 2015, gdy w wypadku samochodowym zginął Padelis Padelidis. Faktycznie, jeszcze latem 2017 roku, wszędzie słyszałam na wyspie tego wykonawcę.
Zachęcam do zainteresowania się greckimi przebojami. Oczywiście najsłynniejsza piosenka to ta z filmu "Grek Zorba", jednak zapewniam, że choć jest dla nas najbardziej rozpoznawalna, nie jest jedynym greckim przebojem, i z całą pewnością nie najczęściej, przez Greków, słuchanym.
Młode Greczynki zachwycone są piosenkarzem - Andonis Remos. Właśnie jego płytę kupiłam sobie ostatnio. Sprzedawczyni dosłownie rozpływała się opowiadając jak go uwielbia :)