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The square on which a historic tree grows led to the Fort, i.e. the Castle of the Knights Hospitaller. Unfortunately, the recent, in July 2017, earthquake, although not fatal, disturbed the construction of several important historic buildings on the island. As a result, from 21.VII.2017, incl. The fort was closed to visitors for several years.
Next to the plane tree of Hippocrates there is the Gazi Hassan Pasha mosque, called the loggia mosque because of its columned arcade. The structure itself is not typical of Turkish holy places, as there is no dome here, only a hipped roof. However, the tall minaret, visible from a distance, which, surprisingly, was not destroyed during the 2017 earthquake, clearly testifies to the history of the building. The windows on the second floor with a lace finish are interesting. According to Muslim tradition, you should wash yourself before entering a holy place.
So, in front of the mosque there is a fountain with a domed cover. Unfortunately, it was she who suffered the most during the quake.
The cafe is a nice place. In the evenings, it's hard to find a table here, because the musicians make the time pleasant. The mood infects everyone, many come here just after sunset to listen to classical music live.
The island's most famous tree, the Hippokratessa plane tree, grows in a small square just behind the historic building, where the police headquarters is now located. According to legend, it was planted by the father of medicine himself, a medical scientist.
The people of Kos say that the great sage taught here because he had many followers who appreciated his wisdom and his teachings. About 60 C.E. St. Paul of Tarsus, who became famous for his travels around Greece, where he preached the so-called good news. According to tradition, he also preached the teachings of Christ under this tree and converted to Christianity.
Taken together, it would mean that the plane tree would have to be about two and a half thousand years old, which botanists disagree. For they prove that the tree is not more than six hundred years old. Despite these contradictory information, the place is visited by every tourist.
From a distance you can see that the plane tree is a very old tree, the trunk is scarred by fungi and insects, it has a diameter of up to four meters. The crown is eighteen meters long. Therefore, it is a heavy burden, which in combination with strong winds blowing here, especially in the period from autumn to spring, is a huge burden for the torn tree torn through the teeth of time. Therefore, in 1975, it was based on a metal scaffolding.
The whole thing is surrounded by a low wall so that no one would think of climbing a historical tree.
Jak nazwa wskazuje, jest miejscem ciekawym przyrodniczo. Stąd bowiem wypływają źródła, które zaopatrują wyspę w wodę słodką, a więc źródlaną. Miejsce jest bardzo urokliwe i przyjemne latem, bowiem liczna tu zieleń nadaje przyjemny klimat i zieloną, bardzo naturalną kolorystykę miejsca. Miejsce nie do końca jest dziełem natury. Włoscy inżynierowie zbudowali tunel transportujący wodę z naturalnego źródła.
Philologists postulate that the name of the sage of antiquity should be written with "pp" as closer to the truth. Because Hippocrates with "p" means subordinate in Greek. Hippocrates with "pp", while - equestrian.
Hippocrates was born in Kos around 460 B.C.E. His father, Heraclides, was a medic.
He passed on to his son a love of studying the human body. As a young man, Hippocrates went to Egypt to study the knowledge of the sages there. The local culture was already more developed. He traveled around Greece, spending a lot of time in Central Greece and Athens.
Although his teachings do not seem to be anything special today, he is considered to be the father of medicine, as he was the first to introduce many principles that are still valued in the art of medicine.
Its basic principle was: "First, do not harm the sick person", then: "The health of the sick person is the highest law." He believed that nature is the main healing force, which the doctor sometimes has to support. He appreciated diet and hygiene, proved that they prevent diseases. He fought the superstition that epilepsy is demon possession. He founded a school where, together with his students, he created a device to reduce scoliosis, he described the method of limb amputation, and the treatment of all wounds.
He introduced many terms used today, such as; cancer, prognosis, therapy, epidemic, diagnosis ...
He believed that a person's appearance spoke of his health, especially his face. The saying "face of Hippocrates" is known as meaning impending death. For his features were very sharp, his eyes were sunken and his face was thin and earthy.
He died in 377 BCE. in today's Thessaly, having great fame and recognition, both among scholars and the population. He left behind many works in the field of anatomy, pathology, surgery, obstetrics and various medical procedures that circulated throughout Greece for a long time. The most important of them are the so-called Koskie forecasts (named after the island of Kos), Aphorisms. To this day, the most famous is the Oath, which contained the basics of today's medical ethics, and which was made by doctors in antiquity. However, its authorship is being questioned. It is proved that they were written down by his students after the teacher's death.
Next to the Platanus of Hippocrates, there is a mosque that suffered during the 2017 earthquake.
Whether the Platanus of Hippocrates is actually the one planted by a learned medic,
today is being questioned.
Sculpture from the 4th century BC of Hippocrates, housed in the Archaeological Museum in the capital of the island of Kos