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The external, raw shape of the building does not inspire a positive atmosphere. Only the plaque behind the fence and the loosely scattered pieces of columns and statues, which are many around, give a foretaste of what is inside.
The reconstructed house, the so-called Casa Romana is a pleasant place for visitors. The pleasant coolness that thick walls give here is a nice rest from the high temperature outside. From the period when the building was inhabited, the stone foundation walls, slightly protruding above the ground level, have survived.
There are numerous mosaics here, depicting mainly sea creatures, panthers and tigers. On the lower part of the walls you can see frescoes, next to them described and shown how they looked almost two thousand years ago.
The wonderfully organized water and sewage system is awe-inspiring. The water was distributed through fired clay pipes, arranged with a slight slope, under the floor, to the kitchen, private bath, to the gardens to irrigate the vegetation. The outflows, on the other hand, led the sewage outside the building to central sewage systems outside the building
Archaeological research shows that three houses stood here in the Hellenistic period. Unfortunately, the earthquake in 142 CE destroyed many lives and buildings. In the second half of the 2nd century CE, when Kos was under Roman occupation, a huge mansion was built here, with 40 rooms with a total building area of 2,400 m2.
The sheer size of the villa proves the wealth of its inhabitants. The residence contained not one atrium, i.e. internal courtyards without a roof, but three. The atrium marked on plan no. 7, although it was not the largest, was nevertheless very sumptuous, decorated with mosaics and marble cladding and statues. The adjoining room, marked 6 and called the reception hall, was probably a place of work where applicants were admitted. The most impressive one was in the southern part, marked with number 26 on the plan. It is assumed that this part of the building was erected after the earthquake in 365.
There are small, modest rooms around, not decorated with anything. During this period, the island of Kos was a province for nearby and wealthy Rhodes. Few items from early Christianity have been found here. However, the décor and technical amenities are still admired today.
The moment when the statue of Athena was excavated. Currently, the sculpture is in the Archaeological Museum of Kos, the capital of the island
The villa is located close to the center of the then city of Kos, south of the "Decumanus maximus", the main east-west road (also the processional road) that crosses the city. Perpendicular to it, the "Cardo maximus" ran along the north-south line. The intersection of the two routes marked the location of the forum, the main public place; citizens' assemblies, public and political debates.
Both the size of the villa and its wealth, as well as its location, testify to the wealth and rank of the family living here. The house is located a short distance from the local urban buildings, so on the one hand in a quiet place, but not too distant. The proximity of the Odeon, the city's drainage and water supply system, made it possible to use all city amenities.
Roman Villa, a house from the time of the Roman occupation, is criticized by many, similar to the palace in Knossos in Crete. It is alleged that most of them are not originals, but the ideas of researchers. It is true, but thanks to these reconstructions, a tourist can, without much imagination and reading difficult descriptions, learn about the lifestyle of the population from almost two thousand years ago.
On the premises of the facility, you can see how the reconstruction works of the discovered villa from the turn of the 2nd and 3rd century were carried out.
On April 23, 1933, a very strong earthquake struck the island of Kos. In addition to the enormous destruction, the remains of ancient times emerged from the ground, which were covered with earth for several centuries. These were the times when Kos was under Italian rule.
The occupant appreciated the importance of the monuments, so he quickly began researching the archaeological excavations, for which he also spared no money. In a thematic place, a huge estate from the turn of the 2nd and 3rd century AD was discovered, which, due to its size and wealth, must have belonged to a very rich and important family on the island.
In the years 1938 ÷ 1940, reconstruction work was carried out on a large part of the house. In addition, for many years, the Union has been allocating huge sums of money to conduct archaeological research, including in Greece. It is mainly thanks to these funds that conservation work has been carried out here, which gives visitors an idea of the local life and architecture.
In addition to the reconstruction of the villa itself, you can see a number of exhibits of beautiful sculptures and objects of everyday life, also interactive. The intact south part of the house shows what archaeologists discover and what they research.
Jak nazwa wskazuje, jest miejscem ciekawym przyrodniczo. Stąd bowiem wypływają źródła, które zaopatrują wyspę w wodę słodką, a więc źródlaną. Miejsce jest bardzo urokliwe i przyjemne latem, bowiem liczna tu zieleń nadaje przyjemny klimat i zieloną, bardzo naturalną kolorystykę miejsca. Miejsce nie do końca jest dziełem natury. Włoscy inżynierowie zbudowali tunel transportujący wodę z naturalnego źródła.