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The castle is the largest and best-preserved monument on the island. It is a remnant of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, known as the Order of Joannites. They took possession of the island in 1314 and were stationed here until 1522, when Kos was captured by the Ottoman Turks. In the meantime, in the 15th and 16th centuries, the fort was modernized and considerably enlarged. Although the castle survived numerous earthquakes earlier, the difficult period for the inhabitants was the times of World War II, when the Italians were the occupant. After the armistice on September 8, 1943, the fortress became a place of ordeal for thousands of prisoners crowded into the fort.
The wealth of the Knights Hospitaller still inspires admiration and amazement today. Although the Order was founded in the 11th century to act charitable, it was to help the needy, especially sick pilgrims, as a result it became a very profitable institution. The headquarters of the Order at that time was on the nearby island of Rhodes, but the knights were stationed here as well. The property had to be protected not only against the population, but above all against invaders. So the walls were made of stone, several meters thick with a moat filled with water. Today, the aforementioned moat is an avenue lined with palm trees, which is pleasant to walk. The pleasant bridge over the street is a vantage point (because the fort is closed to visitors), enchanting even the most seasoned tourist. The stone cannonballs laid along the road are the original remnants of the Middle Ages. It is amazing how big a cannon barrel must have been.
The walls are a double, massive ring, very strong and literally bristling with towers. Stones from archaeological sites were used for the construction. This is evidenced by various details visible to the naked eye; e.g. above the entrance gate there is a frieze with masks and garlands, or basalt columns from an early Christian basilica.
Today they house a lapidary with ancient altars, sculptures and inscriptions.
Jak nazwa wskazuje, jest miejscem ciekawym przyrodniczo. Stąd bowiem wypływają źródła, które zaopatrują wyspę w wodę słodką, a więc źródlaną. Miejsce jest bardzo urokliwe i przyjemne latem, bowiem liczna tu zieleń nadaje przyjemny klimat i zieloną, bardzo naturalną kolorystykę miejsca. Miejsce nie do końca jest dziełem natury. Włoscy inżynierowie zbudowali tunel transportujący wodę z naturalnego źródła.